The eight principal inland expeditions into the southern portion of South America by Charles Darwin during the Beagle expedition of 1831–1835. (After Darwin, 1962). (1) El Carmen or Patagones to Bahia Blanca; (2) Bahia Blanca to Buenos Ayres; (3) Buenos Ayres to Santa Fé; (4) Monte Video to Mercedes and return; (5) Captain's expedition up Santa Cruz River; (6) Chiloé: San Carlos to Castro to Cucao, Castro to San Carlos; (7) Valparaíso to Mendoza to Santiago; (8) Valparaíso to Coquimbo to Copiapó.
Table 1.Biomes and related environments, organisms, and principles of natural history discussed by Darwin on his major inland journeys in South America. Route numbers correspond to Figure 1. Biomes based on Global Atlas of Palaeovegetation Since the Last Glacial Maximum (1997).
Biomes and related environments
Principles of natural history
(1) El Carmen or Patagones to Bahia Blanca
temperate dense tall-grass steppe; desert, Rio Colorado and its alluvial plain, salt flats, sand dunes, saline marshes, mud flats
deer, guanaco, agouti, armadillo, crabs, skunks
culture of indigenous people; impact of humans on size and range of native animals; relationships between Europeans and indigenous people
Janet Browne's two-volume biography (Browne, 1995; 2002) or her shorter work focusing on the Origin of Species (Browne, 2006)
Darwin Online, which includes pdfs of all of Darwin's books and manuscripts, transcriptions of his notebooks, and valuable introductions to his works, including the Voyage of the Beagle: http://darwin-online.org.uk