Table 1. Instructional Design and Activities Related to Topic and Evidence
Instructional TimeTopicDescription of Activity/InvestigationEvidenceNGSS Connections
Pre-Assessment (Day 1)
Day 1Evolution as a wholeExplore what people know about evolution on the web. Class discussion about what they know or don't know about evolution.HS-LS4-1
Day 2 (morning)Evolution as a wholeField trip to university to explore what the general public Tweets about evolution.HS-LS4-1
Day 2 (afternoon)MacroevolutionObserve and document similarities and differences in species observed outside in nature. Watch Your Inner Fish from PBS.Structure/function evidence of similarities and differences between species.MS-LS4-1, MS-LS4-2, MS-LS4-6, MS-ESS1-4, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 3MacroevolutionWatch videos about the deep time and the age of the universe. Half-life activity of carbon dating.Age of the Earth and universe.MS-ESS1-4, HS-ESS1-6
Day 4MacroevolutionPhET radioactive dating game. HHMI BioInteractive KT boundary videos and activities.Age of the Earth, age of organisms on Earth.MS-LS4-1, MS-LS4-2, MS-LS4-6, MS-ESS1-4, HS-LS4-4, HS-ESS1-6
Day 5MacroevolutionFossil hunt at local state park.Age of the Earth, age of organisms on Earth, structure/function evidence of similarities and differences between species.MS-LS4-1, MS-LS4-2, MS-LS4-6, MS-ESS1-4, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 6 (morning)MacroevolutionHHMI BioInteractive phylogenetic tree activities.Structure/function evidence of similarities and differences between species.MS-LS3-1, MS-LS4-2, MS-LS4-6, HS-LS3-2, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 6 (afternoon)Microevolution/Natural SelectionSwab and plate bacteria samples from school on plates; add antibiotic discs to test resistance.Organisms can evolve to develop resistance.MS-LS1-5, MS-LS3-1, MS-LS4-4, MS-LS4-5, MS-LS4-6, HS-LS3-2, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 6 (afternoon)MacroevolutionCreate animal cracker phylogenetic trees. Watch Your Inner Reptile from PBS.Structure/function evidence of similarities and differences between species.MS-LS4-1, MS-LS4-2, MS-LS4-6, MS-ESS1-4, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 7MacroevolutionFossil hunt at local state park.Age of the Earth, age of organisms on Earth, structure/function evidence of similarities and differences between species.MS-LS4-1, MS-LS4-2, MS-LS4-6, MS-ESS1-4, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 7 (afternoon)Microevolution/Natural SelectionLook at bacterial plates, analyze and interpret findings.Organisms can evolve to develop resistance.MS-LS1-5, MS-LS3-1, MS-LS4-4, MS-LS4-5, MS-LS4-6, HS-LS3-2, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 8Microevolution/Natural SelectionHHMI BioInteractive Beak of the Finch video and activities. Clip Birds bird/beak activity. HHMI BioInteractive Lizards in a Tree video and activities. Look at bacterial plates, analyze and interpret findings. Watch Frontline “Hunting Nightmare Bacteria” video.Organisms can evolve in a short amount of time given strong environmental pressures. Videos highlighted instances when scientists directly observed evolution happening.MS-LS1-5, MS-LS3-1, MS-LS4-2, MS-LS4-4, MS-LS4-5, MS-LS4-6, HS-LS3-2, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 9Microevolution/Natural SelectionActivity with marshmallows, Skittles, and toothpicks to select “harmful” bacteria. Watch Frontline “The Trouble with Antibiotics” video.Organisms can evolve to develop resistance.MS-LS1-5, MS-LS3-1, MS-LS4-4, MS-LS4-5, MS-LS4-6, HS-LS3-2, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 10Microevolution/Natural SelectionWatch videos about artificial selection (royal families). HHMI BioInteractive “Birth and Death of Genes” video and activities. Analyze bacterial plates data.Organisms can evolve over time, genes can be duplicated or destroyed to change organisms; evolution can happen through natural selection or artificial selection.MS-LS1-5, MS-LS3-1, MS-LS4-4, MS-LS4-5, MS-LS4-6, HS-LS3-2, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Day 11Microevolution/Natural SelectionHHMI BioInteractive “Sickle Cell Anemia” video, lactose tolerance video. Protecting the herd/herd immunity activity. Frontline “Outbreak” ebola video. Your Inner Monkey from PBS.Organisms can evolve over time due to environmental or cultural pressures; structure/function evidence and similarities and differences between species.MS-LS1-5, MS-LS3-1, MS-LS4-2, MS-LS4-4, MS-LS4-5, MS-LS4-6, MS-ESS1-4, HS-LS3-2, HS-LS4-1, HS-LS4-2, HS-LS4-3, HS-LS4-4, HS-LS4-5
Post-Assessment (Day 11)